Metal Detector's Mode of Discrimination

Beneficial Use of Ample Discrimination, page 3

Use Discrimination To Find A Lost Jewelry Item

Here are a few cases when increasing Discrimination, on the contrary, leads to better search results:

1) Highly adverse soil conditions often require a considerable reduction of Sensitivity to eliminate target masking effects of ground minerals. But not all metal detectors are able to compensate the highly intense nonconductive soil even when the Sensitivity is reduced to a reasonable level, and the Ground Balance is properly adjusted (with a POSITIVE OFFSET). In this case, the Discrimination level is slightly increased (i.e. to reduce Sensitivity a bit more) to eliminate ground falsing.

2) Searching for specific target(s), such as a recently lost jewelry item (gold ring, gold earring, etc.), other small personal item, or coins of a particular type, does not require an "open" Discrimination scale since you know the sought target's Conductive (or Ferrous-Conductive) read-outs obtained through an Air Test (Bench Test) and could reject the rest of the scale using Notch Discrimination (see the first picture below). If the search area has low mineral content and is not littered with trash, you can use a lot of Discrimination and still meet the objectives.

Here are two examples of "aggressive" Discrimination:

A. Almost entire VDI scale (1-Dimensional Discrimination scale) of the metal detector is rejected (only two VDI points - "6" and "6.5", are accepted (black)) to find a gold ring that has been recently lost.

Heavy Discrimination on 1-Dimensional Discrimination Scale

Ample Notch Discrimination

NOTE: Be careful using the Notch Discrimination if you use a cheap metal detector which has the notch-discriminator filter of low efficiency, i.e. the rejecting notch does not have "sharp edges". In other words, these edges are rather blurry so that the notch is wider than it is supposed to be, and if the VDI number of a desirable target "lands" into the "plume" of the rejecting notch, the detector's sensitivity to this target will be impaired. You will hear a short and broken response or just nulling of Threshold. And, as result, the target is passed up.

B. Only a small area is accepted (white) on the Minelab E-Trac's 2-Dimentional Discrimination scale - Smartfind window (Smartfind 2 on CTX 3030) to find specific silver hammered coins at the iron-infested site of the former Medieval settlement.

"Aggressive" Discrimination on 2-Dimensional (Ferrous-Conductive) Discrimination Scale

Tight Discrimination Pattern on Minelab E-Trac and CTX 3030 Smartfind 2 Window

3) If you encounter many identical junk targets such as, for example, brass casings (spent gun shells) at the hunt site, you may reject a short range of their corresponding TIDs, including the TIDs of deformed pieces, on the Discrimination scale. Just make sure that you do not accidentally reject responses to the sought targets.

NOTE: To avoid negative effects of discriminating iron, one should be very careful while using this "modus operandi" in situations that involve abundant FERROUS junk targets.

4) If the current ratio of "dug junk targets to dug good targets" is not in favor of the good targets, and the actual trash is so abundant that your metal detecting time efficiency is dramatically reduced, you may want to use Discrimination rejecting ALL IRON. If you use a FBS metal detector, you may want to include additional Secondary Discrimination Zones corresponding to Hot Rocks and iron falsing caused by the "Wrap Around Effect" into a Discrimination pattern.

Increasing Discrimination will allow you to spend less time learning the site and locate its most productive spots, or simply spend more time on searching for desirable targets. As you gradually deplete the site of all non-ferrous signals and of most large-sized iron targets, switch to a search program with less Discrimination, or simply reduce the Discriminate level. Continue to do so until you do not get any responses to good targets positioned within your detector's operating depth range. If you are a Minelab CTX 3030 or E-Trac user, you may want to check my 3-Level Search Program designed for the above-described situation.

If you can not detect without Discrimination, always remember a simple principle of using Discrimination: the amount of Discrimination to be utilized for detecting desirable targets under current conditions should be considered based on what you would like to find rather than what should be rejected.

Late Medieval Rings

Dug Late Medieval Signet Rings

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