How To Identify & Interpret Cyrillic Dates on Russian Coins of Peter I The Great

"Titlo" Sign & "Thousands" Mark in Cyrillic Numeral Dates on Silver & Copper Coins, p2

(...CONTINUED from previous page)

For the first time, the "titlo" sign appeared on reverses of silver wire dengas in the early 16th century. To indicate the title (hence the term "titlo") of supreme authority, it was placed above the grammatically contracted words such as "ЦРЬ" ("tsar", "tzar", "czar", and "csar"), "KHS" and "КНSЬ" ("duke" or "prince"), in which vowels were omitted. This custom had been maintained until the end of the wire money production in 1717.

Titlo Sign on Reverse of 1547 1 Denga of Ivan IV The Terrible

Titlo Titla Sign on Coin Reverse of Ivan IV's Kopeck, 1547

Thousand SignCopper and round silver coins of Peter The Great bear another characteristic sign - a "thousands" sign (an inclined line crossed by two short lines), which is located in front of the corresponding letter in a date, and indicates this letter as a number of thousands in a date as shown on a picture below.

Examples of A "Thousands" Sign on Reverses of Copper Coins

Thousand Sign Varieties on Coins of Peter I The Great

Sometimes, due to carelessness of mint engravers, the titlo sign was not placed on the obverse coin design, so some wire kopecks bear numeral dates without "titlo". For the same reason, some copper coins may not have the "thousand" sign which, by the way, never appears on silver hammered coins.

Examples of Silver Wire Kopek's Obverses Showing Numeral Dates without Titlo

Kopek Obverses Showing Numeral Dates without Titlo

Reverse of Copper 1710 1 Kopek, Peter I, Showing Numeral Date without Titlo

Obverse of 1710 1 Kopek, Peter I, Showing Numeral Date

The titlo sign also appear above dates on some copper and "new" silver coins.

Examples of Numeral Dates with Titlo Sign on Silver and Copper Coins

Examples of Numeral Dates with <i>Titlo</i> Sign on Silver and Copper Coins

Attention should be paid to numerals containing letters "N" and "И" as they are interchanged sometimes.



Hammered Wire Kopecks - 1696-1717
Kopeck (round) - 1713-1718 (some kopecks of this period bear Arabic numerals)
Altyn (1 Altyn = 3 Kopecks) - 1704-1718 (some altyns of this period bear Arabic numerals)
10 Dengas (10 Dengas = 5 Kopecks) - 1701-1704 (some 10-denga coins of this period bear Arabic numerals)
Grivennik (1 Grivennik = 10 Kopecks) - 1701-1720 (some grivenniks of this period bear Arabic numerals)
Polupoltinnik (1 Polupoltinnik = 1/2 Poltina = 25 Kopecks) - 1701-1713
Poltina (1 Poltina = 50 Kopecks = 1/2 Rouble) - 1701-1722 (some poltinas of 1707, 1710 and 1722 bear Arabic numerals)
Rouble (1 Rouble = 2 Poltinas = 100 Kopecks) - 1704-1721 (some rubles of 1707 and 1710 bear Arabic numerals)
Tinf (1 Tinf = 12 Kopecks, occupation of Poland) - 1704-1709
Shestak (also Szostak in Polish, occupation of Poland, 1 Shestak = 1/3 Tinf = 4 Kopecks) - 1707

Polupolushka (1 Polupolushka = 1/2 Polushka = 1/4 Denga) - 1700
Polushka (1 Polushka = 1/2 Denga = 1/4 Kopek) - 1700-1721 (Arabic numerals appear on some polushkas minted between 1718 and 1721)
Denga (1 Denga = 1/2 Kopek) - 1700-1718 (some dengas of 1718 bear Arabic numeral)
Kopeck (1 Kopek = 2 Dengas = 4 Polushkas = 1/100 Ruble) - 1704-1718

Chervonets (also Dukat, equals 2.3 Rubles) - 1701-1707
Dvoinoi Chervonets (also 2 Dukats, equals 4.6 Rubles) - 1701-1702

Number of pages: < Previous | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | Next >

Back to Detect Hammered Coins Index page

Numismatic Corner | E-Trac & CTX-3030 Programs for Hammies | Metal Detector Reviews | Useful Articles page | Home

Sources: Uezdnikov V.V., "Monety Rossii 1700-1917", Ocherki po numizmatike, 1994; Chizhov S.I., "Opisanie variantov nekotoryx tipov russkix monet poslednix dvux stoletij", 1904; Spasskij I.G., "Russkaya monetnaya sistema", 1962; Melnikova A.S., Shikanova I.S., Uezdnikov V.V., "Dengi Rossii:Istoriya russkogo denezhnogo xozyajstva s drevneishix vremen do 1917g.", Moscow, 2000.