Soviet Topographic Map Symbols
Inhabited Places, Industrial & Agricultural, Local Features & Orientation Points
This photo gallery depicts topographic map symbols that have been used on modern Soviet military topographic maps at the scales of 1:25,000, 1:50,000, 1:75,000, and 1:1,000,000 since 1958.
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|01-Inhabited Places||02-Inhabited Places||03-Inhabited Places||04-Industrial|
|05-Industrial||06-Industrial & Agricultural||07-Industrial & Agricultural||08-Industrial & Agricultural|
|09-Local Features||10-Local Features||11-Local Features||12-Orientation Points|
The principal topographic map producing organization of the USSR was the Chief Administration of Geodesy and Cartography (GUGK) under the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD). This vast organization, controlling mapping functions throughout the USSR, was responsible for the production of all military topographic, economic and civil-use mapping. The Military Topographic Administration (VTU) under the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense was also involved in Soviet mapping, operating in close cooperation with GUGK. Its responsibilities were flexible but apparently its authority would take precedence during wartime.
These two organizations were responsible for complete mapping of not only the entire USSR (at 1:250.000, 1:100,000, 1:50,000, 1:25,000 and 1:10,000 - the combined total of 820,000 sheets), but also the whole world (with the possible exception of Antarctica) at 1:1,000,000, 1:500,000 and 1:200,000 - the combined total of 1,070,000 sheets! Topographic mapping at 1:100,000 and/or 1:50,000 has also been released covering the whole of Europe, the Middle East, North and Central America, large areas of South America, the Indian subcontinent, south-east Asia, China and the populated areas of Africa.
Number of Index pages - | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |
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